Discussion in 'Headphone Amplifier Measurements' started by atomicbob, Oct 6, 2019.
Thanks for added measurements and comments, quite illuminating.
And where else on the internet can one find such extensive, detailed information on a relatively obscure headphone amplifier?
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Additional discussion of SW51+ output voltage vs. distortion.
Maximum output voltage is dependent on load impedance and distortion level tolerated. A much higher Vpp (Voltage peak to peak) may be achieved if greater than 1% distortion is considered.
Several power measurements are presented in post 20 here Voltage output for a given distortion may be determined by reading the dBu on the x-axis for a given THD on the y-axis.
Distortion vs. amplitude plots distortion in either percent or dB below the stimulus on the y-axis and amplitude on the x-axis. My power measurements cited above were made with amplitude in dBu which is an absolute: 0 dBu = 0.775 Vrms. Using the formulae below dBu may be converted to Vrms and then Vpp:
For a 1 KHz stimulus the left channel (blue) measures 0.2% THD+N at -10 dBu. Using the formulae above -10 dBu calculates to 0.245 Vrms and 0.693 Vpp.
For a 1 KHz stimulus the left channel (blue) measures 2.0% THD+N at +10 dBu. Using the formulae above -10 dBu calculates to 2.45 Vrms and 6.93 Vpp.
Bifrost-2 + SW51+ system voltage vs distortion oscilloscope measurements at 440 Hz
DAW 440 Hz 0 dBFS sine output to Dante Virtual Soundcard
Dante RDL spdif output routed to bifrost-2
bifrost-2 RCA 2Vrms to SW51+
SW51+ HiZ output with 300R load substituted for HD800-Jmod
Signal routing diagram:
SW51+ volume knob setting (above) for 1% THD when driven by Bifrost-2 440 Hz 0 dBFS 2Vrms - SW51+ output 3Vpp (below):
FFT associated with SW51+ 440 Hz 1% THD at 3Vpp:
SW51+ volume knob setting (above) for 7.5% THD when driven by Bifrost-2 440 Hz 0 dBFS 2Vrms - SW51+ output 18.4Vpp (below):
FFT associated with SW51+ 440 Hz 7.5% THD at 18.4Vpp:
Explanation of corrections from impressions thread.
How mistakes happen: complicated manual system setup + multiple serious interruptions.
In the impressions thread I had incorrectly stated the SW51+ gain was 1.72 as measured on the dScope. However the picoscope measured approximately 3.26 as distortion was rising. There should be a change but typically the gain drops as distortion rises. Here is how the error occurred.
dScope setup for fully balanced measurements but output derived from unbalanced BNC
Generator has been set for 2Vrms
Note the analog output mode set to Balanced normal - this panel is not usually displayed - it is displayed here to make the point
SW51+ L ch output measures 3.43Vrms
Gain incorrectly determined as 1.715, which is 4.7 dB
Changing analog output mode to unbalanced with the same generator level of 2Vrms
Now SW51+ L ch amplitude measures 6.6556 Vrms
Gain correctly determined as 3.32, 10.4 dB
Here is the gain linearity sweep for -60 to +20 dBu
The gain drops as expected, but only significantly so above approximately +10 dBu.
The dScope output mode either derives unbalanced BNC as half of balanced XLR output or corrects by 6 dB depending on the mode setting. I thought I could pull off a quick manual mode measurement. Bad assumption when the day is likely to be filled with interruptions.
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